Bose was born in Tarapur, Munger district of Bihar, in 1882. He moved to Calcutta in 1897 for his education and studied art at the Calcutta’s School of Art in 1905. He was mentored by Abindranath Tagore and was greatly influenced by all of the Tagore’s artistic elements. He was appointed as the principal at the Kala Bhavan in Santiniketan by Rabindranth Tagore in 1922. Being greatly involved with an international group of artists, he was influenced by Japanese artists such as Okakura Kakuzo and Yokoyama Taikan along with modernist sculptures like Eric Gill and Jacod Epstein. His works included scenes from Indian mythology, iconography, the female form as well as village influences. He was also deeply influenced by the murals of the Ajanta caves.
Bose lived and passed away in Kolkata on 16 April 1966. ;