Jagdish Swaminathan made his presence felt in the Capital's art world in the'50s and'60s mainly as an art critic and theoretician of art. Born in Simla in 1929, He had brief spells of art education at the Delhi Polytechnic and in Warsaw, Poland, and in the late 50's he decided to become a full-time artist. In August 1962, Swaminathan and some other artist founded the Group 1890, the mystifying number being the house number of Jayant and Jyoti Pandya at Bhavnagar. Painted with captivating simplicity his paintings explored the pictorial possibilities of his limited imagery which were emblematic of elements necessary for man's survival on earth and interpretatively the numerous permutations and combinations of the imagery and bright colours suggested the ascent of man's inner being leaving the gross and the sullied. He was a member of the International Jury of the Sao Paolo Biennale and served on the board of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations. He was also a trustee of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, and in 198 1, the Government of Madhya Pradesh invited him to set up the art museum Roopanker at Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal. As the Director of Roopankar, Swaminathan served till 1990. He held about thirty one- man shows and participated in many national and international exhibitions.
Swaminathan died in 1994.